Preferential Subjects

(1) Power System Planning: new methodologies, criteria and experiences; expansion planning for generation and transmission considering uncertainties; risk analysis; criteria for energy supply guarantees; cost/benefit analysis and system reliability criteria; energetic operation planning and programming; impact of integrated energetic planning in the power system expansion; system planning issues and best practices for scenarios related to long distance/continental­ scale systems; coordinated planning with evolving smart and active distribution system; future requirements, sources and ec onomics a ssociated with ancillary services. New technologies for reactive power compensation;

(2) Challenges Faced by Power System Planners due to the Rapid Growth of lnterconnected Power Systems and Challenges to Expand lnternational lnterconnections: technical, economical and institutional aspects; transnational electric interconnections;

(3) Sustainable Development of Power Systems: Regulatory aspects related to environmental legislation; new methodologies for evaluating and monitoring social-environmental impacts and sustainability; social and environmental aspects and its relation to the expansion planning and the electrical operation; multiple uses of water; climate change issues and its relations with power sector planning and electrical operation (vulnerability, resilience, adaptation, GHG emission reduction).

(4) Energy Policy and Regulatory Framework: public and private financing of generation and transmission projects; energy matrix diversification: renewable, clean and low carbon sources; tariff issues; energy price composition, energy auctions: experience and results; energy security; methods for reducing technical and commercial losses; investment opportunities, aspects of open access.

(5) Interconnected Systems Operation: short and medium term planning; real-time operation, load management and consumer participation in reducing the demand for increased operational security; definition of transfer capacity, security, coordination of SPS, performance indexes, Impact on system operation of distributed generation, demand response, storage and changes in electrical load behavior. Emerging operational issues from transmission and distribution interactions. Reserve and emerging strategies, management of disturbances and restoration situations. How to adapt control centers processes and organization to face large implementation of new technology and automated processes. Aspects related to equipment ageing and short circuit limitation.

(6) Power Quality: power quality management in the bulk power system; theoretical background and case studies; responsibilities of agents associated to the quality of power delivered to customers. Costs and revenues related to power quality; integrating renewable sources to the transmission network: wind power and HVDC systems impacts.

(7) Power System Dynamics and Control: systems protection schemes WAMS, WACS and WAPS; stability issues related to new regional and transnational interties; advances in automatic generation control and coordinated voltage control; dynamic security assessment; special protection schemes and advanced controllers to ensure adequate system performance in the presence of modern natural gas power plants, large wind generation farms and distributed generation; monitoring and control systems : Wide Area Monitoring Systems (WAMS) and Wide Area Control Systems (WACS); modern schemes and efforts aimed at rapid restoration of the power system. Implementation of long-time monitoring systems and experience in the post-mortem analysis of disturbances to identify the causes of major events and reinforcements needed to improve system security.

(8) Developments in AC/DC Technologies: HVDC technology: operational experiences, performance, new projects; Recent developments: voltage sourced converters (VSC), applications of ± 800 kV, multi-terminals, back-to-back converters; FACTS technology: applications to increase the flexibility, controllability and security of power systems. 1000 kV AC applications.

(9) Impact of New Forms of Generation on System Performance: wind farms, distributed generation; Impact of renewable forms of generation on grid performance, smart grids.

(10) Advanced Computation Techniques Applied to Power Systems: automatic tools for the improvement of power system operation and planning studies of interconnected systems; new algorithms based on intelligent systems; distributed processing.

(11) Integration of Time-Domain Simulation Tools: evaluation of electromagnetic and electromechanical transients.AC system equivalents.

(12) Operation of Multi-Infeed HVDC Links and FACTS Equipment Including SVCs in the Same Area: impacts on the performance of electrical systems and preventive/corrective measures.

(13) New Concepts for Protection and Control to respond to the developing grid and different characteristics of generation.

(14) Global Environmental Changes and trends and its impact on electric power system.

(15) Energy Commercialization in systems with the presence of RES in the distribution network.